About the Oneida Nation

  • Population: 1,000
  • Languages: English, Oneida
  • Main religions: N/A

About the Oneidas

  • Local population: About 500
  • Why they came here: Indian tribes are believed to have slowly moved east across North America over the course of thousands of years after crossing the Bering Straight from Asia sometime around 30,000 B.C.
  • When they came: The first Native Americans settled in New York State about 5,000 years ago. The Oneida are one of the five nations that formed the Haudenosaunee (also known as the Iroquois) sometime around the 1500s.

More resources:

  • Oneida Nation website
  • "Forgotten Allies: The Oneida Indians and the American Revolution," by Joseph Glatthaar and Kirby Martin.
  • "Oneida Iroquois Folklore, Myth and History," by Tony Wonderley
  • "Sisters in Spirit," by Sally Roesch Wagner

Oneida Nation's Youth Work-Learn Program participant Josie Gibson, 13, of Oneida giggles while sifting through dirt during an archeological dig on Oneida land in Madison County in July 2011. Also pictured, Alex Steeprock, 14, and Levi Confer, 14, both of Oneida. Credit: Nicole Cvetnic/Observer-Dispatch
'Grandfather Thunder', a doll made by Laurel Parker, of the Turtle Clan of the Oneida Indian Nation. Credit: Kathleen Duncan/Observer-Dispatch

Read about the Oneida Nation's fight to save its culture

Sources: CIA World Factbook, Mohawk Valley Resource Center for Refugees, Oneida Indian Nation, 2006-2010 American Community Survey, O-D archives