- Population: 4.7 million
- Languages: English (official), Irish/Gaelic (official)
- Main religions: Roman Catholic (87%), Church of Ireland (3%)
- Local population: About 46,000 of Irish ancestry
- Why they came here: The largest group of Irish immigrants to the Mohawk Valley
came as laborers helping to build the Erie Canal between 1817 and 1825. A smaller group were
among those who left their homeland to escape the Great Famine (also known as the Irish
Potato Famine or the an Gorta Mor), which lasted from 1845 to 1852. During that time, about 1 million people died of hunger in Ireland.
- When they came: 1800s
- "Paddy's Lament," by Thomas Gallagher
- "Angela's Ashes," by Frank McCourt.
Bagpipers march down the street in the 2012 Utica St. Patrick's Day Parade.
Credit: Kathleen Duncan / Observer-Dispatch
From right, facing: Butler Sheehan Academy of Traditional Irish Dance members Riley Muldoon, 8, Mara Stone, 10, Britta Berry, 15, and Katherine Noonan, 6, prepare to perform at the 2011 The Great American Irish Festival. Credit: Jason Rossi/Observer-Dispatch
Irish immigrant Jim O'Looney shares his story of moving to the Mohawk Valley